大家现在考雅思的时候有没有发现自己用词太low了呢?今天烤鸭君来一篇关于替换词的干货,把大家最最常用的词汇通通升级。顺便也想来说说,觉得现在我们都在用错误的方式背单词学英语,更可怕的是只顾着刷题连单词都不去记忆。


简单总结一下我们中国考生现在学英语(尤其是单词)的几个错误的地方:


· 忽略积累单词的重要性


一提到背单词就头疼对吧?花了大把的时间去“背”单词,结果阅读仍然看不懂,写作仍然不会用,对吧?首先我们应该澄清一点,就是生词永远都有,背了许多单词结果还看到大量生词你就觉得积累单词没用那就大错特错了。哪怕考试近在眼前,积累单词这项工作仍然要坚持下去。


· 用错误的方式“背”单词


“一个英语单词,对应一个中文解释”,这是大家最常用的记忆单词的方法,枯燥而又错误。举个栗子,这个栗子我以前也举过当笑话:


fit 适合


如果你只是“一个英语单词,对应一个中文解释”式的背单词,就很容易用错,因为fit 的英文解释:be the right size or shape 其中“size or shape”并没有体现在“适合”这个中文词汇里。假如你跟外国人说My ex-boyfriend does not fit me well.,估计外国人会用一种异样的眼神看你。另一个例子是attempt 企图,殊不知这个词有限定条件“指做困难的、不易成功的事”,忽略这样的条件就变成Chinglish


也就是说,我们最大的错误之处就是忽略“单词的英文释义”,因为只有权威词典里的英文释义才能正确解释单词的意思,你在用的时候才能用对。


· 单纯刷题


之前有同学问烤鸭君这样的问题:


哥呀,我都把剑桥几本书都做完了,还有什么复习资料吗?


勤加练习值得肯定,不过烤鸭君在回复的时候也会问上一个问题:做过的题是不是都明白了,每篇阅读是不是都把里面的生词和地道的表达积累了?


如果你的回答是“没有”,那么这样刷题的效果就不大了。刷题有助手感和语感,但真正有营养的部分在题目里面没有吸收,做完的题就浪费了。


好啦,我们进入干货正题——【雅思7分你必须学会的替换词】


(这里顺便推荐大家一种单词学习方法)


我们以第一个替换词ability为例,介绍一个不错的学习单词方法


skill → ability


step 1. [ə'bɪlɪtɪ] (重复到你看见单词即可发音)


step 2. 在正规的学习用词典上查找英文解释:ability to do something means the fact that somebody/something is able to do something


(英文解释非常非常重要,也正是中国人学习英语所忽略的地方!一个单词对对应一个中文的学习方式,很容易忽略英文单词内涵意义,导致Chinglish)


step 3. 对应的中文意思:能力,才能


step 4. 摘抄原句, 观察单词的使用方法(固定搭配) The system has the ability to run more than one program at the same time.尝试着自己造句 The ability to handle the designated work is really essential for you to start this career.


step 5. 记下更多相关单词和词组 able, ability of expression表达能力


step 6. 新词写入这样的表格



step 7. 不断复习,在准备口语和写作的时候,可以对照着表格挑选并使用新的单词,渐渐地脱离表格来使用新词。


carry out → accomplish


[ə'kʌmplɪʃ; ə'kɒm-]


accomplish something: to succeed in doing or completing something


The first part of the plan has been safely accomplished.


Solving the pollution should have been the first accomplishment of the government.


实现,完成


accomplishment 成就


accomplishable 可以完成的


choice → alternative


/ɔːlˈtɜːnətɪv/


a thing that you can choose to do or have out of two or more


We had no alternative but to fire Gibson.


Luckily we still have alternatives before it's too late.


选择


alternative energy 新能源


alternate 交替,轮流


yearly → annually


/ˈænyuəli/


once a year


The exhibition is held annually.


The annual meeting targets on ameliorating the condition of preschool education all over the world.


一年一次


annual 年度的


annualize 按年计算


put on, use → apply


/əˈplaɪ/


to make a formal request, usually in writing, for something such as a job


He has applied to join the army.


It is time to apply some environmentally friendly measures.


申请,应用


applicant 申请人


application 申请 n.


about → approximately


/əˈprɑksəmətli/


used to show that something is almost, but not completely, accurate or correct


The two buildings were approximately equal in size.


大约


approximate vt. 近似


help → assist


/əˈsɪst/


to help someone to do something


帮助



try → attempt


/əˈtɛmpt


an act of trying to do something, especially something difficult, often with no success


I passed my driving test on the first attempt.


尝试,试图


attempt at something/at doing something


attempt to do


ready → available


/əˈveɪləbl/(of things) that you can get, buy, or find


When will the information be made available?


availability


可获得的


stop, pause → cessation


/sɛˈseɪʃn/


the stopping of something; a pause in something


Mexico called for an immediate cessation of hostilities.


停止


动词cease


注意cease和stop的区别,stop doing = cease to do


aware → cognizant


/ˈkɑɡnəzəns/


knowledge or understanding of something


In the light of the new evidence that the court can now take cognizance of, the case is dropped.


已认知的


talk → communicate


/kəˈmyunəˌkeɪt/


to exchange information, news, ideas, etc. with someone


We only communicate by e-mail.


交流


pity → compassion


/kəmˈpæʃn/


a strong feeling of sympathy for people who are suffering and a desire to help them


She was known as a hard woman with no compassion, no emotion.


Only compassion changes nothing.


同情


compassionate 慈悲的;富于同情心的


end, finish → completion


/kəmˈpliʃn/


the act or process of finishing something; the state of being finished and complete


The project is due for completion in the spring.


完成


completed 完全的


completeness 完整


completive 完成的


final → conclusive


/kənˈklusɪv/


proving something, and allowing no doubt or confusion


conclusive evidence/proof/results


The evidence is by no means conclusive.


最终的


call → contact


/ˈkɑntækt/contact (with somebody) contact (between A and B) :the act of communicating with someone, especially regularly


I don't have much contact with my uncle.


联系


change → conversion


/kənˈvərʒn/


conversion (from something) (into/to something): the act or process of changing something from one form, use, or system to another


Conversion to gas central heating will save you a lot of money.


变换,转换


agree → correspond


/ˌkɔrəˈspɑnd/


to be the same as or match something


Your account and hers do not correspond.


符合,一致


make less, reduce, lower → decrease


/dɪˈkris/


to become or make something become smaller in size, number, etc.


Donations have decreased significantly over the past few years.


减少



shortage → deficit


/ˈdɛfəsət/


the amount by which money spent or owed is greater than money earned in a particular period of time


The trade balance has been in deficit for the past five years.


赤字


The team has to come back from a 2–0 deficit in the first half.


show → demonstrate


/ˈdɛmənˌstreɪt/


to show something clearly by giving proof or evidence



find → detect


/dɪˈtɛkt/


to discover or notice something, especially something that is not easy to see, hear, etc.


The tests are designed to detect the disease early.


发现


harmful → detrimental


/ˌdɛtrəˈmɛntl/


harmful


The policy will be detrimental to the peace process.


有害的


detrimentally 有害地


detriment 伤害



......


到这里我们休息一下


剩下的就是你们的任务啦


按照上面的步骤把这些替换词好好积累下来


get less, slow down → diminish


change in color → discoloration


undo → disconnect


stop → discontinue


because → due to the fact that


indigestion → dyspepsia


raise → elevate


get rid of → eliminate


urge → encourage


try → endeavor


trouble → difficulties


too much → excessive


feel → experience


help, ease → facilitate


can be done → feasible


often → frequently


basic → fundamental


produce → generate


backing, promise → guarantee


risky → hazardous


damp → humid


funny → humorous


same → identical


picture → illustration


harm → impair


careless → inadvertent


unwise → inadvisable


cut → incision


wrong → incorrect


free → independent


useless → ineffectual


tell → inform


check, hinder → inhibit


first → initial


begin → initiate


change → innovation


tool → instrument


set up → institute


aim → intention


stop → interrupt


mild → lenient


place → locality


clear, plain → manifest


smallest → minimal


change → modification


notice → notification


count → numerate


food → nutrient


duty → obligation


remark → observation


note → observe


event → occurrence


chance → opportunity


choice → option


pleasing → palatable


doctor → physician


give → present


main → principal


plan → project


suited → qualified


know, accept → recognize


get well → recuperate


restore → rehabilitate


soak → saturate


part → segment


feeling → sensation


many → several


how bad → severity


like → similar to


likeness → similarity


excite → stimulate


enough → sufficient


support → sustenance


detail → technicality


end → termination


last → ultimate


clear → unequivocal


groundless → unfounded


needless → unnecessary


until → until such time


use → utilize


今天就先这么多吧,这些单词量大约是2-3天学习,基础好的同学是1-2天的单词量,根据自己的学习效率和状态把握每天的量。


小编掐指一算,此文适合分享,帮助更多的朋友。学英语干货,出国留学,雅思托福等语言培训,咨询广州雅思秋季班,关注微信公众号:烤鸭部落


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